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Angela Lee Duckworth TED英语演讲:成功的钥匙?毅力

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       What struck me was that I.Q. was not the only difference between my best and my worst students. Some of my strongest performers did not have stratospheric I.Q. scores. Some of my smartest kids weren't doing so well.
        我发现,我最好和最差的学生之间的差异 并不仅仅是智商。 有些非常优秀的学生 智商并非特别得高 有些非常聪明的学生,学业也并非很好。
 
        And that got me thinking. The kinds of things you need to learn in seventh grade math, sure, they're hard: ratios, decimals, the area of a parallelogram. But these concepts are not impossible, and I was firmly convinced that every one of my students could learn the material if they worked hard and long enough.
       这引发了我的思考。 七年级数学要学的东西 确实挺难:比例、小数、 平行四边形的面积。 但这些概念并不是不能理解, 我也坚信我的每一位学生 都能学会这些知识, 只要他们足够认真、坚持用功。
 
       After several more years of teaching, I came to the conclusion that what we need in education is a much better understanding of students and learning from a motivational perspective, from a psychological perspective. In education, the one thing we know how to measure best is I.Q., but what if doing well in school and in life depends on much more than your ability to learn quickly and easily?
       教了几年以后, 我得出一个结论: 我们的教育所需要的 是一种对学生、对学习更好的理解—— 从动机的角度、 从心理的角度去理解。 在教育领域,我们最擅长测试的指标 是智商, 但如果说在学校和生活中的表现好坏 不仅仅取决于 你是否能又好又快地学习呢?
 
       So I left the classroom, and I went to graduate school to become a psychologist. I started studying kids and adults in all kinds of super challenging settings, and in every study my question was, who is successful here and why? My research team and I went to West Point Military Academy.
      于是,我离开了课堂, 来到了研究所,成为了一名心理学家。 我开始研究儿童与成人 处于各种艰巨挑战中的表现。 在每次研究中,我关注的是: 谁会成功?爲什麽会成功? 我和我的研究团队去了西点军校。
 
       We tried to predict which cadets would stay in military training and which would drop out. We went to the National Spelling Bee and tried to predict which children would advance farthest in competition.
       我们试着预测哪些学员 能通过军事训练,哪些会放弃。 我们去看全国拼字比赛, 试着预测哪些孩子能在比赛中 笑到最后。
 
       We studied rookie teachers working in really tough neighborhoods, asking which teachers are still going to be here in teaching by the end of the school year, and of those, who will be the most effective at improving learning outcomes for their students?
      我们研究在非常艰苦的环境下 工作的新教师, 预测哪些教师在学年末时 还能坚持在岗位上。 当然还有,哪些教师教出的学生 成绩的提高最为显着?
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