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土耳其入侵叙利亚打击库尔德武装

来源: FT中文网     阅读:  次     收藏本文
        Turkish troops have launched a ground invasion of a Kurdish enclave in north-west Syria, drawing Ankara into a difficult new front in the seven-year civil war and placing further strain on its troubled ties with the US.
        土耳其军队对叙利亚西北部的一处库尔德飞地发起地面入侵,使安卡拉方面在长达7年的叙利亚内战中卷入一条艰难的新战线,进一步加剧了其与美国的紧张关系。
 
        On Sunday Turkish media reported Binali Yildirim, Turkey’s prime minister, as saying that a four-phase plan was under way to create a secure zone 30km deep into Syrian territory. “Our units crossed into Afrin at 11.05am,” he said. “The land operation has begun.”
        土耳其媒体周日报道称,土耳其总理比纳利•耶伊尔德勒姆(Binali Yildirim)表示,该国正在实施一个四阶段计划,目的是深入叙利亚境内30公里建立一个安全区。“我军在上午11点05分越境进入了阿夫林(Afrin),”他说,“地面作战已经开始。”
 
        The offensive seeks to clear the Kurdish enclave on Turkey’s border of fighters who Ankara regards as terrorists posing a threat to its own territorial integrity but risks inflaming tensions within Syria and with the west.
        这次进攻寻求在土耳其边境的库尔德飞地上清除被土耳其认为是恐怖分子、对其领土完整构成威胁的作战人员,但有可能引燃叙利亚内部的紧张,并加剧土耳其与西方的紧张关系。
 
        Turkish officials said the ground invasion was being conducted in conjunction with Turkish-backed members of the Free Syrian Army (FSA) rebel group. Kurdish officials and residents in the Afrin region reported heavy clashes on several fronts along the Turkish-Syrian border, with artillery fire and air strikes.
        土耳其官员表示,此次地面入侵是与土耳其支持的反叛组织“叙利亚自由军”(Free Syrian Army)的成员协同展开的。阿夫林地区的库尔德官员和居民称,土叙边境的几条战线上发生了激烈冲突,并伴有炮击和空袭。
 
        The Turkish border towns of Reyhanli and Kilis were hit with retaliatory rocket fire, killing one person and injuring 32, according to Turkish media.
        据土耳其媒体报道,土耳其边境城镇雷罕里(Reyhanli)和基尔斯(Kilis)遭到了报复性火箭弹袭击,造成一人死亡,32人受伤。
 
        The assault, code named Operation Olive Branch, began on Saturday night with a wave of aerial bombardment by Turkish jets, defying a call from the US for restraint.
        代号为“橄榄枝行动”(Operation Olive Branch)的此次突击始于上周六晚,当时土耳其战机发起一波空中打击,无视美国要求克制的呼吁。
 
        It followed a week of threats from President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to invade the region to prevent Kurdish militias from forming what he termed a “terror corridor” along the Turkish border. In a sign of the operation’s potential to exacerbate domestic political tensions, Mr Erdogan warned on Sunday that any Turkish Kurds who protested against the operation would “pay a high price”.
        此前一周,土耳其总统雷杰普•塔伊普•埃尔多安(Recep Tayyip Erdogan)多次威胁要入侵该地区,以防止库尔德民兵组织在土耳其边境开辟他所称的“恐怖走廊”。埃尔多安周日警告称,抗议反对此次军事行动的任何土耳其库尔德人都将“付出高昂代价”,表明此次行动可能加剧国内政治紧张。
 
        The opening of a new front in the Syrian civil war is likely to aggravate Turkey’s strained relations with the US, which backs some factions of the Kurdish YPG militia fighting in eastern Syria, as well as complicating an already tangled, multi-sided war in Syria.
        在叙利亚内战中开辟一条新战线,很可能会加剧土耳其与美国的紧张关系(美国支持在叙利亚东部作战的库尔德民兵组织“人民保卫军”(YPG)的一些派别),还将使叙利亚境内一场本已混乱的多边战争更加复杂化。
 
        Ankara considers the YPG an extension of the Kurdistan Workers’ party (PKK), which has waged a more than three-decade insurgency against Turkey. But Washington says they are separate. While the US says it has no ties with the Kurdish force in Afrin, it has armed and trained a YPG-led force as its main partner in the fight against Isis in eastern Syria.
        安卡拉方面把YPG视为库尔德工人党(PKK)的分支,该组织对土耳其发动了30多年的叛乱行动。但华盛顿方面称两者之间没有联系。尽管美国表示与阿夫林的库尔德武装没有关系,但美国武装并训练了一支由YPG领导的部队,作为其在叙利亚东部打击“伊拉克和黎凡特伊斯兰国”(ISIS)的主要合作伙伴。  
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